TIP 391: Support for UDP Sockets in Tcl

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by Aug 21.
Author:		Jeff Rogers <dvrsn@diphi.com>
State:		Withdrawn
Type:		Project
Tcl-Version:	8.7
Vote:		Pending
Created:	26-Oct-2011
Post-History:
Obsoleted-By:	409

Abstract

This proposal is to add UDP socket support to the core in a clean and unobtrusive way.

Rationale

UDP is used for sending datagrams over the internet, which is an integral part of a number of protocols, notably including direct DNS queries in the majority of deployment. Thus, it is useful to be able have Tcl able to send and receive messages via UDP sockets, filling out a signficant missing feature.

UDP sockets have the same basic needs as tcp sockets - creating, reading, writing. So it follows that they could be handled by the same basic commands.

Specification

The socket command should have a flag, -udp, added. This should work for both client and server sockets.

socket -udp ?-myaddr addr? ?-myport port? host port

socket -udp -server command ?-myaddr addr? port

To complement this, the sockets created by the above commands will have an additional configuration option, -peeraddr. This is a read/write option. It is used to set the peer address before a write, and to retrieve the peer address after a read. The peer address should persist until it is changed by a read or fconfigure.

When used on a UDP socket, puts sends a single message (sendmsg). If the data is too large to fit in a single message then an error is raised.

When reading from a udp socket, the data retuend will only ever be the contents of a single message in a single operation. Thus, read will return one entire message, and read with a bytecount or gets will read a new message into their buffer iff it is completely empty, and will return the requested data from that buffer.

Readable and writable fileevents should work naturally.

Example Usage

set udpsock [socket -udp 8.8.8.8 53]

fconfigure $udpsock -peeraddr {8.8.8.8 53}
puts $udpsock $packet

set packet [read $udpsock]
set peer [fconfigure $udpsock -peeraddr]

Copyright

This document has been placed in the public domain.

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