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'\"
'\" Generated from file 'cmdr_dsl_officer\&.man' by tcllib/doctools with format 'nroff'
'\" Copyright (c) 2013-2016 Andreas Kupries
'\" Copyright (c) 2013-2016 Documentation, Andreas Kupries
'\"
.TH "cmdr-spec-dsl-officer" n 1\&.2 doc "Cmdr, a framework for command line parsing and dispatch"
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.BS
.SH NAME
cmdr-spec-dsl-officer \- Cmdr - Officer Specification Language
.SH SYNOPSIS
\fBalias\fR \fIname\fR \fB=\fR \fIname'\fR\&.\&.\&.
.sp
\fBalias\fR \fIname\fR
.sp
\fBcommon\fR \fIname\fR \fB-extend\fR \fB--\fR \fItext\fR
.sp
\fBdefault\fR
.sp
\fBdescription\fR \fItext\fR
.sp
\fBintercept\fR \fIcmdprefix\fR
.sp
\fBehandler\fR \fIcmdprefix\fR
.sp
\fBcustom-setup\fR \fIcmdprefix\fR
.sp
\fBofficer\fR \fIname\fR \fIscript\fR
.sp
\fBprivate\fR \fIname\fR \fIscript\fR \fIcmdprefix\fR
.sp
\fBundocumented\fR
.sp
.BE
.SH DESCRIPTION
.PP
Welcome to the Cmdr project, written by Andreas Kupries\&.
.PP
For availability please read \fICmdr - How To Get The Sources\fR\&.
.PP
This document is for users of the cmdr framework\&. It introduces the
domain-specific language for the specification of \fIofficer\fRs in
detail\&.
.SH "RELATED SPECIFICATION DOCUMENTS"
.IP [1]
\fICmdr - Introduction to the Specification Language\fR
.IP [2]
\fICmdr - Officer Specification Language\fR
.IP [3]
\fICmdr - Private Specification Language\fR
.IP [4]
\fICmdr - Parameter Specification Language\fR
.IP [5]
\fICmdr - Runtime Processing Flow\fR
.PP
.SH "LANGUAGE REFERENCE"
.TP
\fBalias\fR \fIname\fR \fB=\fR \fIname'\fR\&.\&.\&.
.TP
\fBalias\fR \fIname\fR
This is a structuring command, for the command hierarchy\&. Its main
uses are the creation of alternate command names, and of shortcuts
through the command hierarchy\&.
.sp
For example, \fBstackato\fR's command specification for
alias management is written using deep nesting and uses aliases to
provide the look of a flat namespace to application users\&.
.sp
In the first form the \fIname\fR is given the explicit path to
the actor the name is an alias for\&.
In the second form the alias implicitly refers to the immediately
preceding \fIofficer\fR or \fIprivate\fR\&.
Note that "immediately" is interpreted at the current level\&. The
system is \fInot\fR looking into a nested specification for its last
command\&.
.RS
.TP
string \fIname\fR
The name of the alias\&.
.TP
string \fIname'\&.\&.\&.\fR
The path to the actor, as list of names\&.
.RE
.TP
\fBcommon\fR \fIname\fR \fB-extend\fR \fB--\fR \fItext\fR
This is another structuring command, for structuring the specification
itself instead of the command tree it declares\&.
.sp
It creates named values, usually code blocks, which can be
shared between specifications\&. Note that while each block is visible
in the current \fIofficer\fR and its subordinates, parents and
siblings have no access\&.
.sp
An example of such a block would be
.CS


common *all* {
    option debug {
	Activate client internal tracing\&.
    } {
	undocumented
	list
	when-complete [lambda {p tags} {
	    foreach t $tags { debug on $t }
	}]
    }
}

.CE
.IP
This example defines an option to access the subsystem for debug
narative (See package \fBTcllib\fR)\&.
The example is actually special, as the block named \fB*all*\fR is
reserved by the framework\&.
This block, if defined, is automatically included at the front of all
\fIprivate\fR specifications, i\&.e\&. shared across all the privates
specified underneath this \fIofficer\fR\&. A very important trait for
the \fIoption\fR in the example, as it makes the debug setup
available to all privates without having to explicitly include the
block, and possibly forgetting such\&.
.sp
Generally speaking, the framework reserves all blocks whose
name begins with a star, i\&.e \fB*\fR, for its own use\&.
.sp
Using option \fB-extend\fR will change the behaviour to
extend inherited content instead of writing over it\&.
.sp
Using option \fB--\fR will prevent misinterpretation of the
following argument as option, even if it begins with a dash\&.
.RS
.TP
string \fIname\fR
The name of the common block\&.
.TP
string \fItext\fR
The text of the block\&.
.RE
.TP
\fBdefault\fR
This command sets up a special kind of alias\&.
The last \fIprivate\fR or \fIofficer\fR is set as the default
command to use at runtime\&.
This means that if during "Dispatch" phase the currently processed
word does not match any of the commands known to this \fIofficer\fR
this default is used\&. If no default is specified an error will be
thrown instead\&.
.TP
\fBdescription\fR \fItext\fR
This command declares the help text of the \fIofficer\fR\&.
.TP
\fBintercept\fR \fIcmdprefix\fR
.TP
\fBehandler\fR \fIcmdprefix\fR
\fINote:\fR While the form \fBehandler\fR is still usable, it is
deprecated and will be removed in a future release\&.
This is an advanced command which should normally only be specified at
the top of the whole hierarchy (from which its value will
automatically propagate to all subordinates)\&.
.sp
At runtime the framework will call the specified command prefix
with a single argument, a script whose execution is equivalent to the
phases \fIParsing\fR, \fICompletion\fR, and \fIExecution\fR of the
framework, as described in \fICmdr - Runtime Processing Flow\fR\&.
The handler \fImust\fR call this script, and can perform any
application-specific actions before and after\&.
.sp
This handler's main uses are two-fold:
.RS
.IP [1]
Capture and hande application-specific errors which should not
abort the application, nor shown as Tcl stacktrace\&.
.IP [2]
Cleanup of application-specific transient state the
\fIparameter\fR callbacks (See \fICmdr - Parameter Specification Language\fR)
and/or actions may have set during their execution\&.
This is especially important if the interactive command line shells of
the framework are enabled\&. Without such a handler and its bespoke
cleanup code transient state \fIwill\fR leak between multiple
commands run from such a shell, something which is definitely not
wanted\&.
.RE
.TP
\fBcustom-setup\fR \fIcmdprefix\fR
This is an advanced command which should normally only be specified at
the top of the whole hierarchy (from which its value will
automatically propagate to all subordinates)\&.
.sp
When called multiple times, the specified commands
accumulate\&. This makes it easy to specify several indepedent
customizations\&.
.sp
At runtime the framework will invoke all the specified commands
with a single argument, the command of the actor to initialize\&.
The command prefix is then allowed to modify that actor as it sees
fit\&. The common use case will be the extension of the object with
additional subordinates\&.
An example of this is the package \fBcmdr::history\fR which
provides a command \fBcmdr::history::attach\fR to add the history
management commands to the actor in question\&.
.TP
\fBofficer\fR \fIname\fR \fIscript\fR
This command creates a named subordinate \fIofficer\fR with its
specification \fIscript\fR of officer commands as described here\&.
.TP
\fBprivate\fR \fIname\fR \fIscript\fR \fIcmdprefix\fR
This command creates a named subordinate \fIprivate\fR with its
specification \fIscript\fR of private commands
(See \fICmdr - Private Specification Language\fR), and a command prefix to invoke
when it is chosen\&.
.sp
This command prefix is called with a single argument, the
\fBcmdr::config\fR instance holding the \fIparameter\fRs of the
private\&.
.sp
For an example see section \fISimple backend\fR
of \fICmdr - Introduction to the Specification Language\fR\&.
.TP
\fBundocumented\fR
This command excludes the \fIofficer\fR (and its subordinates) from
the generated help\&.
Note that subordinates reachable through aliases may be included,
under the alias name, if they are not explicitly excluded themselves\&.
.PP
.PP
Please continue reading with \fICmdr - Private Specification Language\fR\&.
.SH "RELATED DOCUMENTS"
.IP [1]
\fICmdr - Introduction to the project\fR
.IP [2]
\fICmdr - License\fR
.IP [3]
\fICmdr - Log of Changes\fR
.IP [4]
\fICmdr - How To Get The Sources\fR
.IP [5]
\fICmdr - The Installer's Guide\fR
.IP [6]
\fICmdr - The Developer's Guide\fR
.PP
.SH "BUGS, IDEAS, FEEDBACK"
Both the package(s) and this documentation will undoubtedly contain
bugs and other problems\&.
Please report such at
\fICmdr Tickets\fR [https:/core\&.tcl\&.tk/akupries/cmdr]\&.
.PP
Please also report any ideas you may have for enhancements of
either package(s) and/or documentation\&.
.SH KEYWORDS
arguments, command hierarchy, command line completion, command line handling, command tree, editing command line, help for command line, hierarchy of commands, interactive command shell, optional arguments, options, parameters, processing command line, tree of commands
.SH COPYRIGHT
.nf
Copyright (c) 2013-2016 Andreas Kupries
Copyright (c) 2013-2016 Documentation, Andreas Kupries

.fi